Islamic Terrorism in India

Most Muslims are not terrorists, but most terrorists are Muslims

Archive for April 27th, 2008

Kerala besieged by Islamic fundamentalism

Posted by jagoindia on April 27, 2008

This 2005 pioneer editorial provides the back ground to Islamic fundamentalism in Kerala which is not a recent phenomenon for those who know the Moplah rebellion in 1920s where of Hindus were brutally killed.

Kerala besieged

By Arun Lakshman, Pioneer-OP ED, 6 Nov 2005

Islamic fundamentalism has reached the shores of Kerala with the assistance of the governments-in-power. The new star on the horizon of Islamic fundamentalism is the National Development Front (NDF). According to several Intelligence experts and social and political activists of all streams, the NDF is the root cause of Islamic terrorism in the state.

The soft nature of the Indian State is the direct cause of the breeding of terror. Also, the policy of appeasement followed by both the Congress-led UDF and the CPI(M)-led LDF has led to the growth of this hydra-headed monster – Islamic fundamentalism.

The NDF, which came out as a new avatar of the now-defunct Islamic Sevak Sangh (ISS), has grown into such a major factor that it has invaded into most of the mainstream political parties and social organisations. Its cadre have become active members of all the political parties, except the BJP. Even the Kerala Congress is not beyond their reach, despite being primarily a church-supported political party.

The NDF has 25 acres of land in Manjeri in Malappuram district, named “Green City”. This is guarded by armed volunteers of the organisation, and there is no access to outsiders. According to intelligence officials, the area is more than 100 acres in size, but the organisation has documents for just 25 acres of land. A police officer, in his deposition before a judicial commission, said that he had registered a case under the Explosives Act when there was a major blast inside the “Green City”. He further observed that the explosion was the result of a remote-controlled bomb testing operation, and no one was injured. Either due to the pressures from above or from the local-level political bosses, such cases are not reported and the culprits go free.

The major operation carried out by the fundamentalist Islamic organisation has been the massacre of eight fishermen in Marad, near Kozhikode, with lethal weapons. The swiftness with which the culprits escaped from the site of the murder of the fishermen has led to the strong belief that it was a planned operation carried out after months of trial and experimentation. Many in the state opine that the NDF was merely testing the collective tolerance of the people.

In February 2005, Kannur district leader of the RSS, Ashwini Kumar, was lynched to death by suspected NDF activists in a moving bus. The administration constituted a special investigation team to probe the murder. But some locals of Manjeri said that the police officers of the special investigation team were denied access to the “Green Valley” – allegedly by NDF activists. This single incident, if true, proves how weak the state machinery has become.

The Muslim League, which was once considered the voice of political Islam in Kerala, was some what moderate in its approach – either owing to the benefits of the power it used to enjoy, or due to the fear that the mainstream political parties would keep it aloof from the corridors of power if it exhibited its true colours. But the League was – and is – instrumental in Kerala’s journey towards Islamic fundamentalism. This was further aggravated by the ostrich-like attitude of the administration and the intelligence agencies, who turned a blind eye towards the fundamentalist outfits as they slowly gained ground in the state.

The Muslim League, which was once considered a cadre-based political party, slowly lost its identity among ordinary Muslims. It turned into a party of big business people, with no care for lower-level workers. The result was the steady influx of the cadre and grassroot workers to fundamentalist Islamic organisations.

Promoted by Abdul Nasser Maudani, a Muslim scholar, the ISS was considered as the first major fundamentalist Islamic organisation of the state. There were several other organisations like the “Sunni Tiger Force” and the “Muslim Development Front”, in addition to the more infamous Student Islamic Movement of India. But the oratory and organisational skills of Maudani resulted in the ISS turning into a major player of fundamentalist Islamic forces. These organisations were of the opinion that the policies practiced by the Muslim League was not what was really expected of it.

With the demolition of the disputed structure in Ayodhya on December 6, 1992, the ISS was banned in the state. Maudani, then, announced the dismantling of the organisation, and turning it into a political party that was christened the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). The Coimbatore blasts resulted in the arrest of Maudani, who is still languishing in Coimbatore Central Jail. The CPI(M) had even went to the extent of having electoral arrangements with the PDP in the Assembly polls.

Almost all the political parties, with the exception of the BJP, have – either directly or indirectly – had electoral adjustments with the fundamentalist Islamic forces. And when they are piggy-riding such organisations, none can expect justice from the state against such forms of terrorism. After all, it is these fundamentalist outfits that are the real masters of the political bosses who are ruling the state.

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Muslim Extremist NDF men hack RSS activist in Kerala

Posted by jagoindia on April 27, 2008

NDF men hack RSS activist, condition serious

Pioneer News Service | Thrissur

A group of masked NDF men hacked an RSS worker, Biju on Sunday afternoon. He was admitted to a private hospital in Thrissur in a serious condition.The incident occurred when a group of NDF activists entered the internet cafe where Biju was working and hacked him seriously inside the cafe in Pavaratty. There had been ongoing issues between the NDF and the RSS in the area.
The NDF had been trying to kill and injure the RSS and BJP workers for the past some months and the RSS leadership have accused the CPI(M) led LDF Government for supporting the NDF from the outside.
The CPI(M) State secretary Pinarayi Vijayan has on Sunday in a party programme denounced the NDF and has said that it was a communal organisation and was heavily funded. The statement of the CPI(M) State secretary was taken seriously by the State Home Department and there were several complaints on the attacks carried out by the NDF men in all parts of the State.
The NDF is accused of having involved in the Marad killings in which eight people lost their lives including seven fishermen and one person from the gang which carried out the killings. The Marad killings were linked to the NDF, however the support extended by the CPI(M) and the IUML has helped the NDF to bail out of the situation.
The NDF was also accused of lynching RSS leaders Ashwini Kumar in Kannur and Sunil Kumar in Thiruvananthapuram. The NDF which had recently floated the Popular Front connecting the Islamic movements in South India was considered as a dreaded outfit.
The Intelligence agencies had already reported the presence of the NDF in the communal clashes in the State and the possibility of creating a communal frenzy among the Muslim community of the State which was hitherto living in peaceful conditions.
The recent arrest of Yahiya Kammukuty a software engineer and product of the National Institute of Technology, Kozhikode had also led to the intelligence agencies increasing its probe into the State .
As the NDF was based in Kozhikode and the public speeches of the leaders of the organisation had led to the agencies monitoring its activities closely in the State.

March 27, 2005

NDF terrorists strike again
RSS activist in Kerala killed brutally
By Kavalam Sasikumar

KANNUR (Kerala): The proclaimed aim of Islamic terrorists of Kerala is slowly getting revealed. To convert Kerala into another Kashmir is their ultimate aim.

T. Ashwini Kumar (30) is the latest prey of these anti-national forces. Ashwini was RSS Kannur District Bauddhik Pramukh and Hindu Aikya Vedi District Secretary. He was hacked to death by a group of NDF (National Development Front) terrorists brutally in a private bus, near Iritty, rural area of Kannur district.

Ashwini Kumar, who was on his way to a private college where he was a teacher, boarded a local bus as usual on March 10, 2005. A group of NDF murderers following the bus in a jeep exploded a few country bombs to scare away the people. And after that the killers entered the bus and killed Ashwini using swords and knives.

His head was also hit to disfigure him. The killers did not allow the local people to take him to hospital. The terrorists went on to attack the houses of several RSS leaders near the incident spot. They caused extensive damage to the properties and businesses of Hindus there.

The incident happened on the eve of the RSS Akhil Bharatiya Pratinidhi Sabha at Mangalapuram (Karnataka) three hours from the scene.

The Hindu Aikya Vedi called for a district hartal on March 11 and the entire Kerala observed a black day. Both RSS and ABPS condemned the attack and murder.

NDF is a terrorist organisation working with full-fledged militant facility in the state. They are targetting RSS people and Ashwini is the fifth victim of these organised killers. And there are so many cases of attack and attempt to murder by this group all over Kerala. Almost all the sections of the society have demanded a ban on this organisation but the appeals fall on deaf ears. When the NDA government was in power central home ministry asked the then state government of Kerala to send a report on the NDF activity. But the Left Democratic Front regime, which has a good relation with these anti-national forces declined to respond to it.

The genesis of NDF is in the banned SIMI and other similar organisation. Almost all the former leaders of SIMI are associated with the NDF now. The leaders of banned ISS, which was under the leadership of infamous terrorist Abdul Nazar Madani who is under TADA custody in a Tamil Nadu jail for the Coimbatore serial bomb blasts, are also associated with NDF. And almost all the extremist Islamic groups are helping this NDF by all means.

The state ruling front and opposition front are helping the anti-national forces out of the way. The Indian Union Muslim League is an ally of the ruling front.

The LDF led by the CPM is also in favour of these elements. The latest political target of CPM is Muslim voters. They recently held their state party congress at Malappuram where Muslims are around 80 per cent. And the state secretary of the CPM is attending Muslim religious functions and giving calls that CPM is not against any religion. By supporting NDF left parties are expecting a support of those Muslim voters who are not satisfied with the IUML leadership.

When the brutal killing of Ashwini took place the state assembly was in session. A Left Front MLA (CPM) had given notice for an adjournment motion in connection with the incident. But while seeking permission for his notice he never condemned the brutal killing of Ashwini and also did not mention the incident, but said the incident took place in the local area years ago.

Various Hindu organisations demanded a thorough enquiry into the incident. Hindu Aikya Vedi chief Kummnam Rajasekharan demanded a Special Investigation Team to be set up for the case investigation. The RSS state Karyavah A.R.Mohan warned the state government of a strong reaction from Hindu society if they failed to take a strong and right action against the NDF.

Also check out

Wikipedia article on NDF
National Development Front, abbreviated as NDF, is a right wing, Islamist organisation in Kerala, India established in 1993, claiming to focus on socio-enonomical issues of minorities giving a focus to Kerala Muslims, Dalits and Other Backward Classes in Kerala.[1] Its slogan is Swathantryam – Neethi – Surakrsha which means Freedom, Justice and Security. In 1997 it stood behind the formation of the Confederation of Human Rights Organizations, founded in Kozhikode.

The NDF has been accused of tying up with Pakistan-backed ISI related activities in Kerala.[2][3] The organisation has also been categorised as a militant group [4], and was one among the five hardline groups that had come under the scanner of Union home ministry in 2006, for “fanning fanaticism”.[5]

Jihadi Terrorism Training Camps in Kerala
By Babu Suseelan

For several years Jiahdis and NDF have been active in Kerala. They have succeeded in bombing, murder, arson, violence and riots. Hundreds of Hindus were slaughtered and many became crippled. Jihadis have several objectives in Kerala. They want to bring about a union of all Muslims in Kerala and to create a Mini Pakistan. Towards that end, NDF is active in Muslim majority areas of Malabar. NDF’s goal is to carry out a sustained struggle for the dominance of Islam in Kerala.

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Dec 8 1992, Pakistanis Attack 30 Hindu Temples

Posted by jagoindia on April 27, 2008

Note: Blast from past. Muslims, carrying where their barbaric ancestors Ghazni, Ghori, Timur and Aurangzeb, left off.

December 8, 1992
Muslims attacked more than 30 Hindu temples across Pakistan today, and the Government of this overwhelmingly Muslim nation closed offices and schools for a day to protest the destruction of a mosque in India.

In Lahore thousands of people accompanied a bulldozer in demolishing an abandoned Hindu temple. Crowds set fire to six other temples and stormed the office of Air-India.

“Crush India!” marchers shouted. “Death to Hinduism!” Business was brought to a standstill by a strike that closed shops and offices.

The demonstrators were protesting the razing of a 16th-century Muslim mosque on Sunday by thousands of Hindu militants in the northern Indian town of Ayodhya. Government Protests

The Foreign Ministry summoned the Indian Ambassador to express Pakistan’s indignation over the attack and to demand that India immediately restore the mosque. The Government also said it would appeal to the United Nations and the Organization of the Islamic Conference to impress on India the need to protect Muslims’ rights. Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao of India has expressed sorrow over the destruction and pledged to rebuild the temple. But students from Quaid-i-Azam University gathered at the Indian Embassy and burnt an effigy of Mr. Rao. “The only solution for Hindus is a holy war!” the students chanted. Less Than 2% of Population

About one and a half million Hindus live in Pakistan, less than 2 percent of the population of 120 million. About 97 percent are Muslim.

In Lahore, Muslims used a bulldozer, hammers and hands to demolish the Jain Mandar temple near Punjab University. The police did not intervene. Nor did they act when a crowd stormed the Air-India office, dragged furniture into the street and set it on fire. Because of religious and border disputes, relations between India and Pakistan have been hostile since the two nations were created in 1947 by the partitioning of Britain’s former colony on the subcontinent. Tensions have deteriorated since the recent killings of two Pakistanis and the beating of a Pakistani diplomat by the Indian police. Attacks Across the South

Today protesters attacked five temples in Karachi and hurled rocks and set fire to 25 temples in towns across the southern province of Sind, where 95 percent of the Hindus in Pakistan live. In Sukkur, a town in Sind, the police fired tear gas to disperse a crowd that attacked shops owned by Hindus.

The police used tear gas to break up a crowd of 200 who hurled stones at a Hindu temple and broke down the doors of Hindu houses in the western city of Quetta. Several people were arrested and hurt, and a large police contingent was posted in the district to protect Hindus.

In Bangladesh, a mainly Muslim country east of India, thousands of Muslims broke through police cordons and set fire to the Air-India office in Dhaka, the capital.

The supreme religious leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, denounced the demolition of the mosque. But his message, read on Teheran radio, seemed relatively mild. Rather than calling for action by Indian Muslims, he urged New Delhi to uphold Muslim rights.

source: New York Times

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The Extensive Pan-Islamic Links of Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)

Posted by jagoindia on April 27, 2008

Note: This article posted in 2001 shows the extent of terrorism and radicalism in honegrown terrorist organization SIMI.

SIMI has extensive pan-Islamic links
September 27, 2001
By Our Special Correspondent

NEW DELHI, SEPT. 27. Formed in 1977 in Aligarh, the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) has always adopted a hard-line, militant posture on various issues of concern to the Muslim community. Highly-placed sources in the Government said that the SIMI has developed fairly extensive pan-Islamic contacts.

It is learnt that the issue of imposing the ban on the SIMI figured during the meeting of the Union Cabinet last evening and the decision was also taken but kept under wraps as State Governments, particularly Uttar Pradesh, could not have ordered arrests of SIMI activists.

The SIMI was said to be closely associated with the Riyadh-based World Assembly of Muslim Youth (WAMY) and the International Islamic Federation of Students Organisation in Kuwait. It also has links with the students’s wings of Jamaat-e- Islami units in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

Several militant and fundamentalist bodies in India are controlled by former SIMI activists. Prominent among them are the National Democratic Front and Islamic Youth Centre (IYC), both Kerala-based, and the TMMK in Tamil Nadu.

Sources said that SIMI activists and sympathisers were involved in several explosions between February and August this year in trains and several parts in Uttar Pradesh. Their interrogation revealed SIMI’s links with the Kashmiri militant group, Hizb-ul- Mujahideen. This was also corroborated following the recent arrest of many SIMI activists of Jalgaon involved in the planting of explosives outside the RSS headquarters in Nagpur. They also admitted to being trained by the Hizb in handling of arms and explosives.

According to sources, in 1993, following the arrest of a Sikh terrorist, it became known that SIMI cadres, Sikh terrorists and Kashmiri militants had been brought together by the Pakistan’s ISI through the Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan in furtherance of its disruptive game plan in India. Intelligence inputs suggested that SIMI cadres were also imparted ideological and weapons training in Pakistan.

Abdul Rehman, a Chinese-Muslim militant fugitive from Xinjiang province and his escort, Nazrul Islam, a SIMI activist of West Bengal, were apprehended at Indo-Bangladesh border in January last year. His interrogation revealed that he was in contact with a number of senior SIMI functionaries.

The arrest in September last of SIMI activists – Maroof Ahmed and Abdul Mobin, a student of AMU, by U.P. police, had led to detection of six cases of explosions in different districts of the State during March-August last year. The explosion on August 14 last year in Sabarmati Express in Barabanki district which resulted in death of nine persons was also the handiwork of SIMI activists, sources said. More recently, the SIMI’s involvement was also suspected in Kanpur riots in April this year.

According to the SIMI, the Saudi fugitive, Osama bin Laden, is an outstanding example of a true “Mujahid.” The founder of Hamas, Sheikh Mohammad Yasin, is a frequent invitee to important SIMI functions.

As part of international ramifications of Islamic “jehad”, the sufferings of Muslims in Bosnia, Kosovo, Palestine and Chechnya, are highlighted by the SIMI in its conclaves. All these elements of the SIMI’s ideology are reflected in articles published in its organs, particularly the Islamic Movement. The SIMI, celebrating silver jubilee of its existence, describes itself as the first all India students organisation, the vanguard of Millat-e-Islamia and the harbinger of Islamic revolution.

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Gandhi: A crypto Muslim

Posted by jagoindia on April 27, 2008

Gandhi : A crypto Muslim
KR Phanda
Apr 2008

Two tragedies struck the Hindus in recorded history. The first was the establishment of the Muslim rule in India after the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan 1192 at the hands of Muhammad Ghori. Since that time, there was always a Sultan/Badshah on the throne of Delhi till 1858 when the last Mughal emperor was deported by the British to Rangoon. The second was the rise of Gandhi

on the political horizon of India in the second decade of the 20th century. Gandhi taught the Hindus that the erstwhile Muslim invaders were not the enemy of the Hindus. Hindus and Muslim were brothers and had to unite to drive out the British from India. All through his political career, Gandhi pandered to Muslim demands irrespective of the cost which Hindus had to pay as a result of his policies and actions. His obsession for Hindu-Muslim unity knew no limits.

His first anti-national and anti-Hindu act was the launching of khilafat movement in India. The movement aimed at the restoration of Sultan on the throne of Turkey and the Caliphate of all Sunni Islam. As is well known, Turkey had been defeated during the first World War. Even otherwise this demand was unjustified as Arabs did not want their countries to remain under the control of the Turkish Sultans. The movement failed as Kemal Mustafa Pasha, President of the Turkish Republic abolished both the Sultanate as well as the Caliphate. The Sultan had to leave Turkey and found asylum in Europe. In India, however, the khilafat movement led to the killings by the Moplahs of thousands of innocent Hindus in Malabar. Sir Sankaran Nair, a Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council has recorded: “For sheer brutality on women, I do not remember in history to match the Malabar rebellion. It broke out about 20th of August, 1921. Even by the 6th of September the results were dreadful”. The Viceroy said: “A few European and many Hindus have been murdered, communications have been obstructed; Government offices burnt and looted and records have been destroyed. Hindu temples sacked, houses of Europeans and Hindus burnt, according to reports Hindus were forcibly converted to Islam and one of the most fertile tracts of South India is faced with serious famine”.

Rani of Nimabur in her petition to the Vicerine, Lady Reading interalia wrote: “It is possible that your Ladyship is not fully apprised of all the horrors and atrocities perpetrated by the fiendish rebels, of the many wells and tanks filled up with the mutilated, but often only half dead bodies of our nearest and dearest ones who refused to abandon the faith of our fathers; of pregnant women cut to pieces and left on the roadsides and in the jungles, with the unborn babe protruding from the mangled corpse; of our innocent and helpess children torn from our arm and done to death before our eyes and of our husbands and fathers tortured, flayed and burnt alive; of our hapless sisters forcibly carried away from the midst of kith and kin and subjected to every shame and outrage which the vile brutal imagination of those inhuman hell-hounds could conceive of; of thousand of our homesteads reduced to cinder mounds out of sheer savagery and a wanton spirit of destruction; of our places of worship- desecrated and destroyed and of the images of the deity shameful ly insulted by putting the entrails of slaughtered cows where flower garlands used to be? These are not fables”.

Mrs. Annie Besant who was at one time President of the Indian National Congress wrote the following after her visit to Malabar. “It would be well if Mr. Gandhi could be taken into Malabar to see with his own eyes the ghastly horrors which have been created by the preaching of himself and his ‘loved brothers’, Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali; The khilafat is established there on August 1, 1921 sharp to the date first announced by Mr. Gandhi for the beginning of Swaraj and the vanishing of the British Rule… The misery is beyond description. Girl wives, pretty and sweet, with eyes half blind with weeping distraught with terror; women who have seen their husbands hacked to pieces before their eyes, in the way Moplas consider as religious’…”.

Gandhi reacted to the happenings in Malabar in an article which appeared in Young India of 8 September, 1921: He praised the Moplahs for being ‘among the bravest in the land. They are God fearing. Whilst I was in Calcutta, I had what seemed definite information that there were only three cases of forced conversions? But I don’t think it seriously interferes with Hindu-Muslim unity’.

From 1920 onwards till 1946, there were communal riots all over India. Of these, riots in Sindh and Kohat (Baluchistan) were the worst. The entire Hindu population of Kohat had fled and sought shelter in Rawalpindi. On 10 September, 1924, several hundred Hindus were butchered by Muslim in rioting which had begun the previous day. Gandhi along with Maulana Shaukat Ali went to Rawalpindi on 4th Feb.1925 to meet the Hindu refugees and the Mussalmans of Kohat. It was reported that for years together local Muslims were in the habit of abducting Hindu women, married as well as unmarried and, converting them to Islam. The Hindus had protested against this dastardly practice. Maulwi Ahmad Gul who was interrogated by Gandhi at Rawalpindi on 6 February, 1925 said: “Even if the Court decides in favour of the Hindus husband, the Muslims would not agree to its (returning the wife), and will consider connection with her Hindu husband illegitimate”. Instead of doing something for the Hindus, Gandhi commented (Collected Works 1925); “I fear the truth is bitter than is put here if I am to credit the Hindu version. I must say in fairness to the Mussalman friend that he did not regard those acts as conversions at all”. Was this unadulterated non-sense or was it vicarious pleading for the Muslims who had been oppressing the Hindus of Kohat? To Gandhi, the Muslims of Kohat were friends while the Hindus, who comprised a miniscule proportion of the town’s population, were cowards!

On 23rd December, 1926 Swami Shradhananda was murdered in Delhi by one Abdul Rashid. The Swami was recovering from sickness and was in bed when the miscreant killed him. The reaction of Muslims and Gandhi to this dastardly act was almost similar. What happened was that early in 1923, there were serious communal clashes in Multan and Amritsar. Later in the year, according to renowned historian R.C. Mazumdar, the Muslims started a definite communal movement called Tanzeem and Tabligh in order to organize the Muslims as a virile community. The excuse given for the murder of Swami Shradhananda was that he had taken up the work of Shudhi movement which had been started by Swami Dayananda. As is well known, some 90 percent of the Muslims of Indian subcontinent are local converts. Thus anyone who had done something unholy but regretted his wrong deed had to undergo purification before being readmitted to the Vedic society.

What was astounding was what Gandhi said about the murder of the Swami. His reaction is best quoted in the words of Pattabhi Sitaramayya: Gandhi expounded what true religion was and explained causes that led to the murder. “Now you will perhaps understand why I have called Abdul Rashid a brother and I repeat it. I do not even regard him as guilty of Swami’s murder?. He was defended by Asaf Ali, a well known Congress leader. The British law, however, took its own course. Abdul Rashid was hanged.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar a contemporary of Gandhi, wrote the following in regard to Gandhi’s attitude towards Hindu-Muslim riots: “Such is the record of Hindu-Muslim relationship from 1920 to 1940. Placed side by side with the frantic efforts made by Mr. Gandhi to bring about Hindu-Muslim unity, the record makes most painful and heart-rending reading. It would not be much exaggeration to say that it is a record of twenty years of civil war between the Hindus and the Muslim in India interrupted by brief intervals of armed peace”.

In September, 1944 Gandhi held a series of meetings with Jinnah on the question of creation of Pakistan. In the meetings which were also followed by exchange of letters, Jinnah made it clear that (a) Hindus and Muslims could not coexist peacefully for certain fundamental reasons; the only solution was Pakistan for Muslims and Hindustan for Hindus; (b) Partition should precede the departure of the British. As expected, the talks failed.

The British rulers were, however, convinced and so was Nehru that Muslim League alone represented the Indian Ummah. And any delay in dividing the country would lead to full scale civil war. For a permanent solution to Hindu-Muslim issues, Jinnah had suggested exchange of populations. For those Hindus and Muslims who are still left behind in Pakistan and Hindustan, they would be treated as reciprocal hostages by the respective governments. Gandhi and Nehru rejected Jinnah’s sensible suggestions. Had they agreed, the Hindu-Muslim issues that India faces today would have been a thing of the past!

Qaid-e-Azam Jinnah would always be remembered for having created a separate homeland for the Indian Ummah; a unique feat in world history. Gandhi, on the other hand, would be remembered for his efforts to destroy the Hindu identity. We may end this small write up with the observation of V.P. Menon, the Constitutional Reforms Commissioner during British rule in India. Welfare of Muslims “was a cause most dear to his heart. He lived for it – indeed he eventually died for it”.

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