Islamic Terrorism in India

Most Muslims are not terrorists, but most terrorists are Muslims

Pakistan continues to be among the top 10 failed states

Posted by jagoindia on June 30, 2009

A failure called Pakistan

29 Jun 2009, 0634 hrs IST, ET Bureau
NEW DELHI: Pakistan, one of the biggest exporters of fundamentalist terror and a basket case terriotory in terms of economic conditions,  continues to be among the top 10 failed states. A failed states index prepared by Foreign Policy journal, has put Pakistan in the tenth position.

The ranking is done on the basis of the following factors: demographic pressure, refugees/internally displaced persons (IDPs), group grievance, uneven development, economic decline, delegitimisation of the state, public service, human rights, factionalised elites and external intervention. The top 10 failed states in the latest list are: Somalia, Zimbabwe, Sudan, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Guinea and Pakistan.

As there is linkage between failed states and terrorism, it is bad news for India. The situation in the neighbourhood is fast going out of control with the Taliban battling Pakistan army in the Swat borders and Lashkar e Taiba and its offshoots creating troubles within and outside.

Pakistan has been displaying its reluctance to act against terror by releasing Lashkar leaders jailed after the Mumbai outrage. In his meeting with President Asif Ali Zardari in Russia, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh gave vent to New Delhi’s anger.

Foreign Policy noted that it is “a sobering time” for the world’s most fragile countries, what with the global financial meltdown, natural disasters, and government collapse. “Answering the question of which failed states demand attention might well come down to which are deemed to pose the biggest threat to the world at large. But even the widely presumed linkage between failing states and terrorism is less clear than many have come to assume since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks sounded the alarm about the consequences of governments not in control of their territory,” the journal said.

It also said some of the failed states are unmanageable for even outfits like al-Qaeda. “Take Somalia, once again the No. 1 failed state on this year’s index. A recent report by West Point’s Combating Terrorism Center, drawing on captured al-Qaeda documents, revealed that Osama bin Laden’s outfit had an awful experience trying to operate out of Somalia, for all the same reasons that international peacekeepers found Somalia unmanageable in the 1990s: terrible infrastructure, excessive violence and criminality, and few basic services, among other factors. In short, Somalia was too failed even for al-Qaeda.”

The journal said countries such as Yemen may not yet be front-page news, but it’s being watched intently these days in capitals worldwide. “A perfect storm of state failure is now brewing there… Many worry Yemen is the next Afghanistan: a global problem wrapped in a failed state. It’s not just Yemen. The financial crisis was a near-death experience for insurgency-plagued Pakistan, which remains on IMF life support…All indications are that 2009 will bring little to no reprieve,” the journal said.

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