Islamic Terrorism in India

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Chronology of Hindu persecution in Pakistan (1990-1999)

Posted by jagoindia on April 2, 2009


Jan 1993 A comparison between the human rights records of India and Pakistan in 1992, which was released by the US State Department, reveals that if human rights were considered to be abused in India, then the situation in Pakistan could only be described as “appalling”, with human rights “brutalized” on a systematic basis. The State Department accused Pakistan of persecuting minority Hindus, Christians and Ahmadis. Hindus asserted that they are subject to kidnappings, the forced conversions of young women, and the desecration of Hindu shrines. They also state that they are not permitted to freely practice their religion (The Ethnic Newswatch, 01/29/93).

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2 Responses to “Chronology of Hindu persecution in Pakistan (1990-1999)”

  1. alertpak said

    Ethnic Cleansing of Hindus in Pakistan

    Pakistani Hindus…
    “Hindus faced societal violence, often directed at their temples, during the period covered by this report. Criminals targeted Hindu businessmen for kidnap, particularly in Karachi. Hindus claimed they were forced to pay ransoms since police did little to recover kidnap victims.”
    Source : U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATES
    Diplomacy in Action
    International Religious Freedom Report 2007
    Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor.

    History of Total Ethnic Cleansing of Hindus in Pakistan.

    Demography

    In August 1947, at the end of British Raj, the population percentage of Hindus in what is today in Pakistan was perhaps as high as 15-20%, but would drop to its current total of less than 2% in the years since independence. According to the 1998 Pakistan Census, caste Hindus constitute about 1.6 percent of the total population of Pakistan and about 6.6% in province of Sindh. The Pakistan Census separates Schedule Castes from the main body of Hindus who make up a further 0.25% of national population.

    Hindus and Partition of India

    When Pakistan was formed in August 1947, over 7 million Hindus and Sikhs from what was East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and Pakistan’s Punjab, Sindh and North-West Frontier Province provinces were forced to leave this new state for India, and a similar number of Muslims were forced the other way. The reasons for this incredible exodus was the heavily charged communal atmosphere in British India, deep distrust of each other, the brutality of violent mobs and the antagonism between the religious communities. The fact that over 1 million people lost their lives in the bloody violence of 1947, should attest to the fear and hate that filled the hearts of millions of Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs who had to leave ancestral homes during hastily arranged partition.
    Many Hindus who attained great success in the public eye in India, like the filmstars Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, and Sunil Dutt trace their birthplaces and ancestral homes to the towns of Pakistan. Independent India’s first Test cricket captain, Lala Amarnath hailed from Lahore, prime ministers I K Gujral and Manmohan Singh, and former home Minister Lal Krishna Advani was born in Karachi. Nearly all of these individuals left their homes due to the violence and turmoil of independence.

    Post-1970s

    Since Pakistan declared itself an Islamic nation and pursued a decidedly Islamic course in its political and social life since the 1980s, Hindus as a minority in Pakistan have had considerably fewer privileges, rights and protections in comparison to minorities in India, which constitutionally avows itself secular and giving of equal rights to its religious minorities including the Muslim, Christian and Sikh communities. Cultural marginalization, discrimination, economic hardships and religious persecution have resulted in many Hindus converting to other religions (Islam, Christianity), and today Hindus constitute barely 1.8% of Pakistan’s population. Because Hindus are not “People of the Book” like Christians, they have generally been given fewer rights informally (de facto) by the Muslim majority than the country’s Christians (see Dhimmi), even if de jure Hindus have equal rights under the law.

    Religious, social and political institutions

    The Indus river is a holy river to many Hindus, and the Pakistan government periodically allows small groups of Hindus from Pakistan and India to make pilgrimage, though most Hindus are forced to do this along the banks of the river that flows through a small part of Indian-controlled Kashmir.
    The communal violence of the 1940s and the subsequent persecutions have resulted in the destruction of thousands of Hindu temples in Pakistan, although the Hindu community and the Pakistani government have preserved and protected many prominent ones. The Hindu Gymkhana in Karachi has tried to promote social development for Hindus in the city. One of the few temples remaining in Karachi today is the Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Karachi.
    Hindus are allotted separate electorates to vote by, but their political importance is virtually nil. The Pakistan Hindu Panchayat and the Pakistani Hindu Welfare Association are the primary civic organizations that represent and organize Hindu communities on social, economic, religious and political issues. There are minority commissions and for a while, a Ministry of Minority Affairs in the Government of Pakistan looked after specific issues concerning Pakistani religious minorities. But this name-sake Ministry is totally worthless to protect the rights and security of Pakistani Hindus.

    Independence and population exchanges

    Massive population exchanges occurred between the two newly-formed states in the months immediately following Partition. Once the lines were established, about 14.5 million people crossed the borders to what they hoped was the relative safety of religious majority. Based on 1951 Census of displaced persons, 7,226,000 Muslims went to Pakistan from India while 7,249,000 Hindus and Sikhs moved to India from Pakistan immediately after partition. About 11.2 million or 78% of the population transfer took place in the west, with Punjab accounting for most of it; 5.3 million Muslims moved from India to West Punjab in Pakistan, 3.4 million Hindus and Sikhs moved from Pakistan to East Punjab in India; elsewhere in the west 1.2 million moved in each direction to and from Sind. The newly formed governments were completely unequipped to deal with migrations of such staggering magnitude, and massive violence and slaughter occurred on both sides of the border. Estimates of the number of deaths range around roughly 500,000, with low estimates at 200,000 and high estimates at 1,000,000.

    But the International Forums of Hindus are less vocal about the Plight of Pakistani Hindus.
    Pakistani Hindus having a percentage of more than 16% now came down to less than 2%. Why ?? What is the answer of the Preacher Of Peace in Pakistan ???

    Hindu Population in Pakistan
    (Figures available as in 1998 Pak Govt. Census.)

    Total Population 2443614 ( Less than 2%), Sources said that there was more than 16% Hindus in 1947 in Pakistan.

    N.W.F.P
    North-West Frontier
    PROVINCE
    7011

    DISTRICTS…………………PERSON

    …………………………………..…….

    01…CHITRAL…………………..…..02
    02…UPPER DIR………………….…22
    03…LOWER DIR……………………24
    04…SWAT…………………………..158
    05…SHANGLA……………………….14
    06…BUNER………………………..389
    07…MALAKAND…………………142
    08…KOHISTAN………………………6
    09…MANSHERA……………………72
    10…BATGRAM……………………..117
    11…ABBOTABAD………………….40
    12…HARIPUR………………………36
    13…MARDAN………………….…283
    14…SWABI………………………….106
    15…CHARSADDA………………..104
    16…PESHAWAR………………….1224
    17…NOWSHERA……………………666
    18…KOHAT………………………….798
    19…HANGU…………………………156
    20…KARAK…………………….……..10
    21…BANNU……………………..…..220
    22…LAKKI MARAT…………………….8
    23…D.I.KHAN………………………….471
    24…TANK…………………………..….22

    PUNJAB
    PROVINCE
    116410

    DISTRICT…………………….PERSONS

    ……………………………….………….

    01…ATTOCK……………………….190
    02…RAWALPINDI…………….….430
    03…JHELUM…………………..…..205
    04…CHAKWAL……………………164
    05…SARGODHA……………….…142
    06…BHAKKAR…………………..…33
    07…KHUSHAB………………………167
    08…MIANWALI…………………….121
    09…FAISALABAD………………….903
    10…JHANG………………………..…115
    11…TOBA TEK SINGH……………..198
    12…GUJRANWALA………………..110
    13…HAFIZABAD……………………126
    14…GUJRAT…………………………..238
    15…MANDI BAHAUDDIN…………302
    16…SIALKOT……………………….3577
    17…NAROWAL……………………..1118
    18…LAHORE…………………….….1607
    19…KASUR…………………….……2115
    20…OKARA………………………..…670
    21…SHEIKHUPURA……………….1185
    22…VIHARI…………………….…….343
    23…SAHIWAL…………………….….261
    24…PAK PATTAN…………………..…77
    25…MULTAN………………………..1208
    26…LODHRAN…………………………50
    27…KHANEWAL…………………….249
    28…D.G.KHAN………………….……340
    29…RAJANPUR………………..……..526
    30…LAYYAH……………………..…..810
    31…MUZAFFARGARH……………1115
    32…BAHAWALPUR………….…..22606
    33…BAHAWALNAGAR…………..1603
    34…RAHIMYARKHAN KHAN..73506

    SINDH
    PROVINCE
    2280842

    DISTRICT…………………..…PERSONS

    ……………………………………………

    01…JACOBABAD………………….50693
    02…SHIKARPUR…………………..15855
    03…LARKANA……………………..27321
    04…SUKKUR…………………………29800
    05…GHOTKI…………………….….64817
    06…KHAIRPUR…………………….45452
    07…NAUSHERO FEROZ……..…14458
    08…NAWABSHAH………………..30824
    09…DADU……………………….… 34490
    10…HYDERABAD……………….349167
    11…BADIN……………………….. 226423
    12…THATTA……………………..…32139
    13…SANGHAR……………………292687
    14…MIRPURKHAS……………… 296555
    15…UMERKOT……………………315395
    16…THARPARKAR…………….. 369998
    17…20……….. KARACHI…………………
    17….EAST………………………….. 14802
    18…WEST………………………….…7637
    19…SOUTH…………………………… 47003
    20…CENTRAL………………………..4239
    21…MALIR……………………………. 11087

    BALUCHISTAN
    PROVINCE
    39146

    DISTRICT………………….….PERSONS

    ……………………………….…………..

    01…QUETTA……………………..……4175
    02…PISHIN………………………………..47
    03…KILLA ABDULLAH……………..171
    04…CHAGAI……………………….….1941
    05…LORALAI………………………..…466
    06…BARKHAN……………………..…..117
    07…KILLA SAIFULLAH……………..…3
    08…ZHOB…………………………….….101
    09…SIBI…………………………………2876
    10…ZIARAT…………………………..….000
    11…KOHLU…………………………..…..171
    12…DERA BUGTI………………………1399
    13…JAFFARABAD………………….…6529
    14…NASIRABAD……………………….1875
    15…BOLAN………………………….…..4463
    16…JHAL MAGSI……………………….1198
    17…KALAT………………………….…..1657
    18…MASTUNG………………………….1228
    19…KHUZDAR……………………..…..2962
    20…AWARAN……………………………..295
    21…KHARAN…………………………..…780
    22…LASBELA……………………………4504
    23…KECH……………………………….….979
    24…GAWADAR………………………….721
    25…PANJGUR…………………………….457

    Along with above 4 Provinces, Pakistan has another 2 Administrative Units.
    FATA (Federally Administrated Tribal Areas) has 1921 numbers of Hindu population so far without any area wise details.
    ISLAMABAD (Capital Territory) has only 0.03% urban Hindu Population so far as per available records.
    Pakistan has now only a total 1.85% Hindu Population comprising 1.60% Hindu Jati + 0.25 Schedule Castes, as per latest version of Pak Census Report 1998 ( due on 1991).
    Sources tell us that more than 16% Hindus once lived in Pakistan around 1947.

    How they have been disappeared from Pakistan ???

  2. monu said

    plight of non muslims in muslim dominated nations is similsr everywhere.only a small minority is tolerated. but muslims demand the sun and the moon in non muslim dominated countries. strangely the world has accepted this. truly muslims are the chosen people!

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